The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has reported a fresh Ebola Virus Outbreak in the north western part of the country on 1st of June, 2020.
This latest outbreak is the 11th for DR Congo since they first discovered the virus in the country in 1976.
The country’s ministry of health has told the world health organization that in Wangata the discovered eight Ebola Cases and four out of these eight patients succumbed to death.
Since April 4, DR Congo has recorded more than 30 possible cases of the Ebola Virus, which has been the cause of 18 people.
WHY DOES THE EBOLA VIRUS ALWAYS RETURN?
Ebola spreads very quickly. Just a drop of sweat or spit from a person or an animal that is a carrier of the virus can infect someone who is not.
According to the WHO, new Ebola Outbreak will always occur in DR Congo because he virus lives in animal reservoirs that are present in many part of the country.
Fruit bats are the main carriers of the virus, but people can get infected if they come in close contact with the blood, organs or bodily fluids of animals that have the virus like chimpanzees, gorillas, monkeys, antelopes and porcupines.
The disease is very rampant in the area and it won’t be possible to destroy all the animal that have liable to carrying the virus.
As long as people don’t touch and eat them, there’s every possibility that the virus would return.
HOW IS THE VIRUS MANAGED ?
Quick and well-coordinated responses to the disease can also help in containing it, and also reduce the number of infections or infected persons that could die from the virus.
WHO Director-General, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said the health body will send a tea of 25 personnel to DR Congo on the 2nd of June to support and see what is happening.
The team will collect and test samples which they will carry to the laboratory for confirmation.
They will begin contact tracing and send additional supplies to the country to support the government.
The WHO will also make sure that they send essential health services to areas where the outbreak is serious
IS THERE A VACCINE?
Five identified strains of Ebola virus has been discovered, the deadliest is the Zaire strain.
This is the strain that was seen in the last outbreak, and there is a vaccine available for the treatment.
A vaccine was developed in 2014-2016, when the epidemic was very serious but they could not use it, because as at that time it was already late.
It has not received its full license for use, but with the help of global efforts, it has proven to be safe for human use and over 300,000 doses are in store already.
WHO guidelines recommend that Ebola outbreak will occur before they give the vaccine its license. The vaccine will be available for all suspected patients, contacts and health workers that are at risk of contacting the virus.
READ: Daily News Trends